Overpopulation, air pollution, and climate change are among the many issues the people of Indonesia have to bear with. This is in addition to standstill traffic in its capital city Jakarta. These issues have triggered the need for repositioning the country’s capital in the outskirts of the main island of Java. The country’s president JokoWidodo is of the opinion that the island’s infrastructure is straining and that only a move will rescue the situation.
Java is a home to about 140 Million people. This is equivalent to 57% of the people living in Indonesia. The argument behind the relocation of the capital is that it will help in resource redistribution in the coming years. Economic growth as well as spreading development would not have a concentration on one areas. Instead, there will be an even distribution in every part of the country.
Surprisingly Jakarta is currently sitting on a piece of land, which is full of water underneath. This poses the risk of sinking if the drawing out of groundwater continues. Floods and landslides are also a threat because of the torrential rains.
Apparently, having the capital moved to a different location is not a new thing. It is one of the many things former presidents have previously hinted even though there was never any execution. Meanwhile, hundreds of people have criticized it citing that there is no urgency in doing. Many analysts claim that the proposal lacks enough concrete details.
One of the biggest concerns is the financing of the project. It is likely to cost up to $33 billion. This would be such a tall task given that many companies may not be willing to step. In any case they are not moving away their headquarters. Another set of people feels that there should have been a provision for a public referendum to ascertain the necessity of the relocation.
In response to the condemnation, President Widodo challenged the critics. He explained that this should not be a new thing given that many other countries have done it before. South Korea, Malaysia, Kazakhstan, and Brazil are just but a few.
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